Skia Debugger

Introduction

The Skia Debugger is a graphical tool used to step through and analyze the contents of the Skia picture format. The tool is available online at https://debugger.skia.org or can be run locally.

Features:

  • Draw command and multiple frame playback
  • Shows the current clip and matrix at any step
  • Zoomed viewer with crosshair for selecting pixels.
  • Breakpoints that stop playback when a pixel’s color changes.
  • GPU or CPU backed execution.
  • GPU op bounds visualization
  • Android offscreen layer visualization
  • Shared resource viewer

User Guide

SKP files can contain a single frame or multiple frames. Single frame files have the .skp extension and Multi-frame files have the .mskp extension. In the online debugger linked above, Open a sample mskp file or capture one from an android device using the instructions here.

Command Playback and Filters

Try playing back the commands within the current frame using the lower play button , (the one not in a circle) You should see the image built up one draw at a time.

Many commands manipulate the matrix or clip but don’t make any visible change when run. Try filtering these out by pasting !drawannotation save restore concat setmatrix cliprect in to the filter textbox just below the command playback controls. Press enter to apply the filter, and resume playback if it was paused. This will have the effect of making the playback appear to be much faster as there are only 29 commands in the first frame of the sample file that pass this filter.

Try pausing command playback and stepping forward and back through the commands using , (comma) and . (period).

Filters are case insensitive, and the only supported logical operator is ! (not) which applies to the entire filter and is only recognised when it occurs at the beginning.

Any command can be expanded using the icon to see all of the parameters that were recorded with that command.

Commands can be disabled or enabled with the checkbox that becomes available after expanding the command’s detail view.

Jog the command playhead to the end of the list with the button.

Frame playback

The sample file contains multiple frames. Use the encircled play button to play back the frames. The current frame is indictated by the slider position, and the slider can be set manually. Frames can be stepped through with w (back) and s forward. p pauses or unpauses the frame playback.

Not all frames in a file will have the same number of commands. When the command playhead is left at the end of the list the debugger will play every frame to the end of its list. If the command playhead is somewhere in the middle, say 155, the debugger will try to play every frame to its 155th command.

Resources Tab

Any resources that were referenced by commands in the file appear here. As of Dec 2019, this only shows images.

Any resource can be selected and viewed. You may find it helpful to toggle the Light/Dark setting if you cannot see an image.

Images' names are formatted as 7 @24205864 (99, 99) where 7 is the index of the image as it was saved in the file, @24205864 is it’s address in wasm memory, for cross referencing with DrawImage* commands in the command list which also show this address, and (99, 99) is the size of the image.

The resource viewer allows a user to determine if an image was not effectively shared between frames or draw commands. If it occurs more than once in the resource tab, then there were multiple copies of it with different generation ids in the process that recorded the SKP.

Android Layers

When MSKPs are recorded in Android, Extra information about offscreen hardware layers is recorded. The sample google calendar mskp linked above contains this information. You will find two layers on frame 3.

There are two kinds of events relevant to recorded android layer use.

  1. Draw Events - points when an offscreen surface was drawn to. They may be complete, meaning the clip equalled the surface’s size, or partial, meaning the clip was smaller.
  2. Use events - points when the offscreen surface was used as an SkImage in the main surface.

Layers are shown as boxes in the bottom right of the interface when viewing a frame where a layer draw event occurred. Each Layer box has two buttons: Show Use will cycle through use events for that layer in the current frame if there are any, and Inspector will open the draw event as if it were a single frame SKP. you can play back it’s commands, enable or disabled them, inspect GPU op bounds or anything else you could do with an ordinary SKP. Exit the inspector by clicking the Exit button on the layer box.

Crosshair and Breakpoints

Clicking any point in the main view will toggle a red crosshair for selecting pixels. the selected pixel’s color is shown in several formats on the right pane. A zoomed view centered on the selected pixel is shown below it. The position can be moved precicely by either clicking neighboring pixels in the zoom view, or using H (left) L (right) J (down) K (up).

When “Break on change” is selected, command playback will pause on any command which changes the color of the selected pixel. this can be used to find the command that draws something you see in the viewer.

GPU Op Bounds and Other settings

Each of the filtered commands from above has a colored number to its right . This is the GPU operation id. When multiple commands share a GPU op id, this indicates that they were batched together when sent to the GPU. In the WASM debugger, this goes though WebGL.

There is a “Display GPU Op Bounds” toggle in the upper right of the interface. Turning this on will show a colored rectangle to represent the bounds of the GPU op of the currently selected command.

GPU - Controls which backend Skia uses to draw to the screen. GPU in the online wasm debugger means WebGL. CPU means skia draws into a surface in memory which is copied into an HTML canvas without using the GPU.

Light/Dark - this toggle changes the appearance of the checkerboard behind the main view and zoom views to assist in viewing content with transparency.

Display Overdraw Viz - This vizualization shows a red overlay that is darker in propertion to how much overdraw has occurred on a pixel. Overdraw meaning that the pixel was drawn to more than once.

  • As of Dec 2019, this feature may not be working correctly.

Image fit and download buttons.

These buttons resize the main view. they are, from left to right:

Original size - the natural size of the canvas, when it was recorded. Fit to page - shrink enough that the whole canvas fits in the center pane. Fit to page width - make the canvas fit horizontally but allow scrolling vertically Fit to page height - make the canvas fit vertically but allow scrolling horizontally.

next to these is a 5th, unrelated download button which saves the current canvas as a PNG file.

Building and running locally

Begin by following the instructions to download and build Skia, then simply build and run the skiaserve tool:

# Build.
ninja -C out/Release skiaserve

# Run the debugger locally
out/Release/skiaserve

After running skiaserve, follow the instructions to open the debugger in your local browser. By default the address will be http://127.0.0.1:8888.